Saida/Sidon History - Persians Civilizations - 558 to 529 B.C.
The Persians originated from Iran, where at that period they were controlled by
the Ashorians. it remains under this occupation until Mada, the first
Iranian state, has emerged in the 7th century before Christ. Than the Kisania state emerged in the middle on the 6th century BC, which was the
beginning of the
Its first king was Korosh, which ruled the Armenians, Anadol, Bilad ma Bein Al
Nahrain, Syria and others.
kings was Darios Koudman, which was defeated by Alexander the great.
period, Hiram the first, sun of Abi Baal the king of Sour (Tyre), Saidon was
politically dominated by Sour, and it participated in supplying King Solomon
with industrial specialists and items to help him building his palace, as well
as building ships.
Ashorian Nipal the second (883-859 BC), occupied Iraq, Syria, and came across to
Saidon, which preferred to give him gifts, in order to keep its commercial and
the profits they are making.
happened with Shalmansar the third (885-824 BC).
Saidon kept its independence, and remained free doing a prosperous era.
Saida Heroism and Burning
Around 360 B.C., Egypt declared its independence from Persians. Okhos, known as
Artahshashta the third, the Persians leader sent his army to Saida shores in
order to keep it under his domination, where they treated the Sidonians badly.
Then the Persians army confronted the Egyptian army led by two Greek leaders,
Diofantos and Lamios. This battle took place in 353 B.C. and the Persians army
Taking advantage of that defeat, Sidonians fed up by the Persians, declared a
revolution against Persians.
Okhos, upset about Sidonians revolution, collected a huge army, around 200,000
soldiers, and sent them to Saidon in order to put an end to the revolution.
Sidonians could not resist such a huge army, decided not to surrender, preferred
dying than going back under Persians occupation, burned the city with all its
population. Around 40,000 of Saidon's were burned.
This was the most known act of heroism and sacrifice a population has committed
through the entire history.
Information From the Ministry of