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Citadel of Sidon Today
Citadel of Sidon - As It Appeared on Year 1810. It was built by the Crusadors in the early 13th century.  
Painting Of The Citadel of Sidon  

 Zahlee (Zahle)



Tyre's Tombs

Tyre Tombs

Tyre was a major Phoenician seaport from about 2000 BC onwards through the Roman period.



                   Lebanese Famous Cities

Tibnine Profile

Altitude: 650m
Distance from Beirut: 112km

Getting There

From Beirut, take Khalde Highway South passing through Khalde, Damour, Naame, Saadiat, along the beautiful coast of the Mediterranean sea, Saidon, Ghazieh, Sarafand, Adloun, Tyre, head east towards Jwayya, Kfar Donin before reaching Tibnine.

Tibnine General View

General Information

Not many people know about the Crusader castle in the southern village of Tibnine, but it's well worth the long trip to get there. The castle's commanding position on a hilltop in the center of the town gives it its name "Poron", an old French word meaning "high place".

From here there are views in every direction, with an especially beautiful panorama taking in the coast and mountains of South Lebanon, Crusader Prince Hugh de Saint Omer, Governor of Tiberias, built the castle in 1105 to defend the area while he got ready for the siege of Tyre. In 1187 the castle fell to Salaheddin after the battle of Hittin, but the Franks won it back in 1229. Finally it was conquered by the Mamluke Sultan al Zahir Baybars in 1266 and thereafter remained in Arab hands.

In the centuries that followed, the Mamlukes and later the Ottomans, used the citadel for their own purposes and its structure was changed many times depending on who was in control. The Governor of Acre, Zaher al-Omar, for example, fortified and restored the castle, but his successor, Ahmad al-Jazzar, did his best to destroy it.

Although the Tibnine castle has been altered a good deal, it retains the feeling of a real fortress, with its massive walls and panoramic views.  The building occupies 2,000 m2 and still preserves its main features:
a fortification wall with square or semi-circular towers, the main entrance, the arches of a tower, and  the remains of a bigger tower to the east.

The big tower consists of three rooms with standing pillars and acid ceilings, while the remains of other towers are scattered around the site.













Information From the Ministry of Tourism

Lebanese Ministry of Tourism

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