The Marriage at Qana
An event reported
by the Gospel of John but not by any of the Synoptic Gospels.
John reports that Jesus was attending a wedding in Qana with his
disciples for the Jewish rite of purification, and when the
hosts run out of wine, Jesus' (unnamed) mother tries to persuade
Jesus to help out with a miracle. According to the evangelist,
Jesus becomes annoyed at the suggestion, but Jesus' mother
persists, telling the servants to obey Jesus. Jesus orders the
servants to fill the empty containers with water. The servants
bring the filled containers to the chief waiter, and he tells
the bridegroom that it is the best wine of the evening.
This is then the first miracle
of Jesus mentioned in the Gospel of John, and occurs immediately after Jesus
has told Nathanael at John 1:50 that "You shall see greater things than
that". Describing the miracle, John uses the Greek word semeion meaning
sign, or ergon meaning work, instead of the term for miracle which the
synoptics normally use: dynamis - meaning act of power.
The event is the first of the
seven miraculous signs by which John attests Jesus' divine status, and
around which the gospel is structured.
see the event as having genuinely been foretold, while more
critical scholars see John as deliberately creating or twisting
events to fit the prophecies. A number of scholars have argued
that John's account of the Qana Wedding also reflects the
Synoptic Gospels' parable of the Patch and the Wineskins.